Program of TRIZ as a science of creative thinking
My child ” methods of development of children ” the application of TRIZ as a science of creative thinking
In our days all often hear the phrase “creative development of children”. In sale you can find many books with such phrases, but, unfortunately, modern parents often insufficient time to re-read the mountains of pedagogical literature in search of best practices for their child. Therefore, more and more parents are choosing to study on the methodology of TRIZ.
Program “tips” — the theory of inventive problem solving, authored by Henry Saulovich Altshuller. This is a program that will teach your children not to think stereotypically, stereotypical. It teaches to think dialectically, systemically and functionally. Long classes in this program gives children such important qualities as flexibility of thought, his wide range, originality, etc.
As you already know, the leading activity in preschool children is a game. It is in the game and implemented a technology TRIZ. Playing, the child develops creative thinking, learning to create something uniquely new, and not to act on the template.
The TRIZ technology not only develops the imagination of children, but also teaches us to understand the processes at work. This can only be achieved through collective and individual games, which assume that the theme and the type of activity the child chooses. In the process the child learns to identify contradictory properties of objects, phenomena and solve these contradictions. Because the resolution of contradictions — it’s the key to creative thinking.
Features of a technique of TRIZ
knowledge of specific subjects absorbed by the children during the educational process, and are not given in the lesson
knowledge is not an end but a means for the formation of the qualities of a creative personality
the training is aimed at awareness of each turn of thought, but in General — on the creation of a culture of thinking
has ample opportunities for modification and implementation of integrated learning
Four stages of technology TRIZ
The main means of work — this pedagogical search. The teacher does not provide ready-made knowledge, and teaches them to find. To the solution of creative inventive tasks are suitable in four stages:
in the first lesson, the child is led to the issue of multiple use of the object. The child learns to seek the truth, the essence.
at the next stage, the child learns to look for contradictions in the object: what it good and what is bad, and so D.
the third stage — the resolution of contradictions. For this they have created a system of varied tasks. The third stage is very important — the children learn to seek and find solutions. Let your child’s imagination comes up with something new.
another phase of work on technology TRIZ — inventing new stories and fabulous solution of tasks, which is developed special techniques. This includes vocal exercises, games, sculpting, drawing, design and t D.
After going through all the stages, the child learns to find original solutions to many problems and to think more widely. Throughout the training, the teacher only observes the child — without prompts, selecting the best game considering the mental and creative potential of each child.
Classes in technology TRIZ for preschoolers
Game “tower” — exercise analytical thinking, training, allocation of common features by comparison.
You will need a variety of pictures of objects familiar to the child. First, we remind, what fairy tale Teremok, and then offer little to play it in a modified form.
Select the owner of the tower, the rest were handed out to participants images of items for which they will play. Is the dialogue:
” knock, Knock, is there anybody home?
” I, (calls himself, for example, violin). And who are you?
— And I — (calls itself, for example, tape). Let me in the mansion?
— If you know what you’re like me, then Pushcha.
The guest house it is necessary to compare both figures to identify common signs and call them. For example, the violin and the recorder emits musical sounds. Calling signs correctly, the client enters into the chamber, and, for example, becomes the owner. If the guest is unable to give the correct answer, the other children will be able to help him.
The game “stop, thief!” — exercise analytical thinking, learning highlight the distinguishing features by comparison.
The details are the same as in Attics. Before beginning this game is recommended to play “tower”.
A: in the crowd shouts,
” stop thief, he’s the tall one!
” there he goes, here he is in a black hat!
Every child receives a picture of a specific subject, person 3–4 are assigned to a search team. When the detectives go to another room, the thief is chosen and named as its features, such as blank, with pattern, with handle. The presenter calls the detectives and yells: “stop, thief!”, telling them the signs. While the detectives were searching for the thief at the pictures of the children, the other guys can run, play or just sit.
When the master notices that a detective arrested “thief,” he says, “Stop”. Every detective explains, why choose this particular “thief,” — it thief, because he patterned. If he is wrong, the child says: “I’m not a thief, because…” I’m not a thief, because that’s coffee stores, and I — the book (if caught bag)). If what the thief was caught, he gives “stolen” and read forgiveness. Detectives also can be rewarding.
The game «Red riding hood” develops creative imagination.
You will need paper and crayons. First, it is worth reminding the kids “little Red riding hood”, where the wolf changes his grandmother. Only this time you need to dress her grandmother, who is hiding from the wolf. For example, grandma pretended nightstand (glass, tea, stool…) — instead of the body draws bedside table, her dorisovyvaetsya head in a scarf, legs and so.
One of the girls assigned to red riding hood. She asked: grandma, Grandma, why is your/you’re (calls one of the properties, for example, you have so many tables)? The rest of the guys are responding on behalf of the grandmother (for example, to put clothes). And so until then, until all the “oddities” grandma won’t be detected. Then you can think like a grandmother to protect themselves from the wolf. For example, will hide in a box, tying it on top of her handkerchief.
The game ’s Mary-lose things” — trains attention, the ability to see a means of solving problems.
Will help to introduce children to the functions of different subjects. First we tell the kids that there are some very inconsiderate people who lose and confuse. And offer to help these Masham-masterexam. The role of Masha can perform leading, or it may be open to all children in turn.
Played the dialogue:
— What is it?
— I have lost calls some object, such as a Cup). Where am I going (calls the function of the lost object, for example, to drink tea)?
Children have to help Masha to find the means of fulfilling this function. For example, drinking tea from saucers, buckets, palms open.
The game can also start with dialogue, when Mary asks for help to remember the name of the subject. For example, the bread is divided into pieces?
All games can be modified to fit a specific group of children or individual child. Educators familiar with the TRIZ methodology can also complicate the task.