Children of middle school age are more active in seeking to understand our world. This is the age of “levels” when kids intensively develops thinking and language, increases vocabulary, it becomes more coherent and consistent. Children begin to distinguish the essential features of objects, group objects by material, quality and purpose. Can, for example, to group together various vegetables, flowers, trees, clothes, dishes, toys, etc. They begin to understand simple causal relationship, if there are phenomena that are familiar to them from previous experience, and in 4 years already know what happens and what not happens when you try to tell them about familiar objects and phenomena.
The caregiver develops the curiosity of the children, answering their questions; encourages the attempt to find the answer by observing phenomena and producing actions with different objects. It teaches children to compare objects by color, size, shape, correct to call them the signs; all kinds of games encourage active conversations children, expands their vocabulary, develops a coherent speech.
The educator conducts word games based on the accumulated in children the understanding of the surrounding. Continue reading
It has long been known that human health depends on the weather. And although “nature has no bad weather”, most kids are sensitive to its changes. Recently the doctors have been studying how our body reacts to weather changes, because these reactions complicate the course of many diseases in children (as in adults). So, a new trend in Pediatrics — children’s etiopathology, or keratopathy. Now, assigning the treatment, experts are able to consider the sensitivity of the baby to weather changes.
And behind a window the rain, then snow
Reaction to change of weather experts call the reconstruction of the biological systems of the human organism in response to changes in atmospheric conditions: pressure, temperature, humidity. This restructuring may be accompanied by behavioral disorders, well-being, the reduction mechanisms of adaptation (adaptation). Normally, the body of a healthy baby should adapt to changes in the surrounding world, quickly and easily, without special inconvenience. With the exception of infants: they have no ready-made protection from the external environment, but only an innate ability to gradually adapt to natural light, high and low temperatures, humidity. At the same time, the skills of “taming” effects Continue reading
Children’s fears are observed every child of preschool age, which is fine, because the absence of fear would threaten the very life of the child: fear, like pain, warns of danger.
Developing and extending the life experience, the child is constantly faced with new phenomena and situations that at first alarming and frightening. Of course, fears of this kind are eventually overcome. “I’m scared, but I’m not afraid,” say the preschoolers.
But if the child feels fear, then, of course, this can disrupt the normal rhythm of life of the child, limits of cognition of reality, reduce and even paralyze the natural curiosity of children of preschool age. But the fears in children occur most often when a frightening, unknown, unknown happens to the child without support from the adult, i.e., coincides with a feeling of helplessness and insecurity. Hardly the child is feeling under the protection of the mother, formed a pathological fear of dogs in response to the warning that the dog might bite. But the same words spoken with irritation mother during the conflict with the child or said a stranger in the absence of loved ones (and in that and in other case, the child feels alone and vulnerable), can initiate a neurotic fears.
Often children’s fears are raised by the parents. Continue reading