The development of thinking – One of the theories of cognitive development of the child (piaget) has been called “operational”. The operation is an “internal validity, the transformation product (the”internalization”) external, objective action, coordinated with other actions in a single system, the main feature of which is reversible (for each operation there is a symmetric and opposite operation.
In the development of operational intelligence in children by Jean piaget identified the following four stages.
1. Stage of sensorimotor intelligence, covering the period of a child’s life from birth to 2 years. It is characterized by the development of the ability to perceive and cognize surrounding the child objects are quite stable in their properties and attributes.
2. Stage cooperationamong thinking, including the development of thinking of children aged 2 to 7 years. At this stage the child develops speech, begins the active process of internalization of external actions with objects that are generated visual representation.
3. Stage of concrete operations with objects. It is typical for children from ages 7-8 to 11-12 years. Here mental operations become reversible.
4. Stage of formal operations. Its in its development reach children in the middle ages: 11-12 to 14-15 years. Continue reading