Known the desire of the younger preschoolers to independence.
You know the desire of younger preschoolers to independence. It acquires a moral sense in an activity in which the child manifests his attitude towards others. It is not only the execution of specific orders from adults, but also his activities of daily living. The baby is not aware that his first work activity necessary for himself and others, because mastering the right skills allows him to manage without help, do not bother other people by taking care of yourself. The child does not understand that by doing so he takes care of them. This motive of labour youngest preschooler is formed only under the influence of adults. Mastering self-help skills to enable the child to help other children, it requires some effort to achieve the desired result and promotes perseverance.
Thus, the mastery of younger preschool skills such as self – efficient means of education such moral qualities as independence and perseverance.
The family has favorable conditions for attraction of a preschool child to work. Labor order, which the child performs in the family, the content is more diverse than in kindergarten, and the need to implement them more obvious (especially in domestic and manual labor). Special influence on the kid has a labor of adults in the family.
The typical motives of labour of children in the family: love of parents and other family members, the desire to take care of them, to help, to give them joy. In the family children often enjoy doing those types of work which are not widely used in kindergarten: the Laundry, washing and wiping dishes, participate in cooking, grocery shopping, etc. Favorable family conditions have a positive effect on labour education of children and their moral and volitional development.
Analyzing the responses of the parents, it can be concluded that in the first place among running in the family the older preschooler kinds of labor is self-service, the second cleaning of toys and facilities, other types of labour are not so important.
Using work as a means of moral education, parents need to analyze the motives that encourage the child to perform this type of work. To create the most effective for the child the motive means to cause him conation, direct them to those goals that an adult considers it useful for the moral development of the preschool child.
1.2. The development of self-esteem and feelings
collectivism in preschool children as a factor in the preparation for
the life and work of the school community.
The number of children in kindergartens has decreased dramatically. For many parents, the kindergarten fee is not available. Moms and dads are forced to raise the child in the home, often depriving him when he needed to communicate with their peers. Some affluent parents, not satisfied with the quality of services mass preschools have the opportunity to resort to the “home teachers” private preschools which pupils from childhood begin to feel their own superiority over others, which has nothing to do with self-esteem, or the development of personality.
We often read and hear how to develop the individuality of the child, but publications about how in such a controversial situation to teach him how to live among the people, almost there. Many publications are almost entirely derived from the use of the word refers to moral values that have become globally recognized and granted the status of a universal. It happened with the term “collectivism”. In the new model of education is no place for the formation of collectivism. Which is a pity. I’m sure that today almost every person in twenty can confirm that the team has something valuable, necessary for everyone. This something is the essence of collectivism: I can Express myself, to realize yourself, if you feel recognized by their environment.
Analyzing the behavior of boys in kindergarten, at home, you may notice that some of them are trying to meet primarily their needs, desires, interests, regardless of the aspirations of other people, and sometimes not even knowing about it. In this case, to talk about the direction of their baby. Other children their actions steps relate (to varying degrees) with the interests and desires of other people – peers, adults, etc. In this case we can speak about the first manifestations of collectivist orientation.
The same child in different environments may show different degree of collectivist orientation. This to some extent explains the differential behavior of children at home and in kindergarten. Many people familiar with the situation, when “the people” polite child, Executive, happily executes the instructions of the teacher relevant to the entire group, and the house is rude, doesn’t listen to advices, requests of adults, requires the fulfillment of all their desires. How to explain this behavior? In kindergarten, the child felt the significance of the company’s peers for him: his interests are satisfied only when he considered the interests of the group. But at home the kid used to what is their significance for the family members he doesn’t need to “win”, you do not need to assert themselves, because everyone is subject to the satisfaction of their needs and interests, and so confident in its uniqueness and inimitability. The result is a gradually growing focus on yourself that is difficult to overcome over the years.
But to overcome it. And this is the main challenge for those parents who do not want to see their children in the future selfish. Towards the formation of a collectivist orientation preschooler to make a number of consecutive steps: the formation of the child’s orientation to peers (initially) to create his feeling of self-importance for them (on the second) and securing the child feeling of importance for the total score, with the support of each all (on the third).
And yet, in my opinion, every child needs to go through “school-kindergarten”. For many reasons, and chief among them is that in the kindergarten the child learns to live among people.
2. The role of the regime of the future student.
Special attention in preparation for the school pay on the day children. If it is not installed or poorly executed, it is necessary to achieve its implementation. Mode is necessary not only to improve the health of preschool children: a solid routine organizes the activities of the children, teaches them to order, educates is necessary for the future schoolboy sense of time.
It is important to organize the lives of children in the family, so they were appropriate active, were there spent their time in idleness that breeds laziness.
The school makes a first grader. The child is included in the systematic educational work, he has new responsibilities and concerns, they have a long time to be without movement. Organizing mode for the child, parents can successfully prepare him for school.